簡介


現任英國牛津大學佛教研究中心主任和創始人、英國佛學研究協會主席。2004年退休之前,曾任牛津大學梵文博登主席(the Boden Chair of Sanskrit)以及貝利奧爾學院教授級研究員長達二十八年,也曾經擔任巴利文本學會主席(1994-2002)和克萊梵語圖書館名譽主編,並指導過將近五十篇佛教主題的論文,同時是二百件論文出版品的作者。他現仍在繼續講課,並在全世界各地的大學任教。 

龔布齊(Richard Gombrich)教授近三年來認識慈濟以後,開始研究當代漢傳佛教的發展,2014年並與臺灣的姚玉霜教授合寫一篇論文題為--〈原始的佛教、當代的儒家:從社會學及歷史學的角度看慈濟〉(A Radical Buddhism for Modern Confucians: Tzu Chi in Socio-Historical Perspective),文中論述證嚴上人體現原始佛教的精神,並舉出上人與佛陀有諸多相應之處,以「原始的佛教、當代的儒家」來盛讚上人與慈濟。

Prof. Richard Gombrich, Professor Emeritus, President of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, Oxford University

Founder and Academic Director of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, and Chairman of the UK Association for Buddhist Studies. Before his retirement in 2004, he held the Boden Chair of Sanskrit at Oxford University and a Professorial Fellowship at Balliol College for 28 years. 

Chairman for Pali Text Society (1994-2002) and General Editor of the Clay Sanskrit Library in the past. He supervised nearly 50 theses on Buddhist topics, and is the author of 200 publications. He continues to lecture and teach at universities around the world.

Professor Richard Gombrich started to carry out research on Chinese Buddhism since he knew Tzu Chi Foundation nearly 3 years ago. He wrote a paper with Dr. Yu-Shuang Yao in 2014: A Radical Buddhism for Modern Confucians: Tzu Chi in Socio-Historical Perspective. The paper discussed Ven. Dharma Master Cheng Yen reflect the original spirit of Buddhism, and list out similarities between Ven. Dharma Master Cheng Yen and Buddha, it praised Ven. Dharma Master Cheng Yen and Tzu Chi Foundation as “The original Buddhism and contemporary Confucian”.

 

學歷:

1950-1955 Scholar, St. Paul's School, London

1957-1961 Demy (scholar), Magdalen College, Oxford

1959 Honour Classical Moderations, First Class

1961 B.A. Oriental Studies (Sanskrit with Pali), First Class

1961-1963 Harkness Fellow of the Commonwealth Fund

1963 A.M. Harvard University

1963-1965 Treasury Studentship (Scarborough Studentship)

1970 D.Phil. Oxford University

 

榮譽:

1991 Hon. D.Litt. Kalyani University, Bengal

1993 S.C. Chakraborty Medal, Asiatic Society, Calcutta

1994 Sri Lanka Ranjana (National Award)

1996 Hon. D.Ed. De Montfort University

1997 University Medal, Warsaw University

1997 Vacaspati (= Hon D.Litt.), Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Tirupati

2008 Appointed Honorary Life Member, International Association of Buddhist Studies

  

學術教職資歷回頂端


1965-1976 Lecturer in Sanskrit and Pali, Oxford University

1966-1976 Governing Body Fellow, Wolfson College, Oxford

1976-2004 Boden Professor of Sanskrit, Oxford University 
and Professorial Fellow, Balliol College

1977-Emeritus Fellow, Wolfson College

1999-2004 Senior Fellow, De Montfort University

1981-1982 Benjamin Meaker Visiting Professor, University of Bristol

1982 Visiting Professor, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris

1986-1987 Stewart Visiting Fellow in the Humanities, Princeton University

1994 F.D. Maurice Lecturer in Theology and Religious Studies, King’s College London

1994 Jordan Lecturer in Comparative Religion, SOAS

1997 Gonda Lecturer, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences

1998 Edmond Perry Lecturer, Northwestern University

2002-Academic Director, Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies

2004-Emeritus Fellow, Balliol College

2005 Visiting Professor, Dharma Drum Buddhist College, Taiwan

2006 Numata Visiting Professor, SOAS

2008 Visiting Professor, Dong-Guk University, Seoul

2008 Visiting Professor, Hong Kong University

2009 Evans-Wentz Lecturer, Stanford University

2009 Keynote Speaker, Conference “Buddhism in the New Century”. World Buddhist University, Bangkok, 3rd Oct.

2010 Keynote Speaker, Conference: “Dissemination of Theravada Buddhism in the 21st Century.” Mahamakut University, Bangkok

2010 First Buddha Jayanti Lecturer, Indian Council of Philosophical Research &  Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, of New Delhi, 25th Sep.

2010 Keynote Speaker, Conference “Dissemination of Theravada Buddhism”, Bangkok, 30th Sep.

2011 2012 Visiting Professor, Dharma Gate Buddhist University, Budapest

2011- Editor, Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies

2012  Visiting Professor, Fo Guang University

 


其他資歷回頂端


 1974-Fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society

 Member of Council, 1989-1991

 Member of the Publications Committee, 1991-3

1977 - Member, Association of Social Anthropologists of the Commonwealth

1978-1983 Advisory Council, Victoria and Albert Museum

1981-1994 Hon. Secretary and Treasurer, Pali Text Society

President and Treasurer, Pali Text Society, 1994-2002

Co-editor, Journal of the Pali Text Society, 1996-2002

1981-1985 Secretary for Europe, International Association for Buddhist Studies

1982-1990 Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts

1983-1990 Theological and Religious Studies Board, National Council for Academic Awards

1986-1992 Member of Council, Society for South Asian Studies

1990-Member, Academia Europaea

1992 Member, East and South Asian Studies Panel, RAE (Chairman for S & SE Asia)

1996 Member, Theology and Religious Studies Panel, RAE

2004-8 General Editor, Clay Sanskrit Library

2006-President, UK Association of Buddhist Studies

2008 Appointed Honorary Life Member, International Association of Buddhist Studies

2008-Founder-President, Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies

2008-11 Trustee, Oxford Mindfulness Centre

2011-Editor, Journal of the

Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies Member of several editorial boards:

Oxford University South Asian Studies Series

Groningen Oriental Monograph Series

Religion

Journal of Asian Philosophy 

Brill's Indological Library (Advisory Board)

Journal of Buddhist Ethics

Indian International Journal of Buddhist Studies

South Asian Religions and Culture

Journal of Contemporary Religion

Contemporary Buddhism Journal

Buddhist Studies Review

ULUBUDA online journal

Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya Journal of Buddhist Studies

The Dhammachai Tipitaka Project, Thailand (advisory board)

 

著作回頂端


 Precept and practice: traditional Buddhism in the rural highlands of Ceylon. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.

Teach yourself Sanskrit: an introduction to the classical language. (Editor: Coulson, Michael) London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1976.

The perfect generosity of Prince Vessantara. (Co-author: Cone, Margaret) Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977.

On being Sanskritic: a plea for civilized study and the study of civilization. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.

Balasooriya, Somaratna, André Bareau, Richard Gombrich, Siri Gunasingha, Udaya Mallawarachchi and Edmund Perry eds. Buddhist studies in honour of Walpola Rahula. London: Gordon Fraser, 1980.

Bechert, Heinz and Richard Gombrich eds. The world of Buddhism: Buddhist monks and nuns in society and culture. London: Thames & Hudson, 1984. Paperback ed. 1991.

Dhammapala, Gatare, Richard Gombrich and K.R. Norman eds. Buddhist studies in honour of Hammalava Saddhatissa. Nugegoda, Sri Lanka: Hammalava Saddhatissa Felicitation Volume Committee, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, 1984.

Theravåda Buddhism: a social history from ancient Benares to modern Colombo. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1988.

Gombrich, Richard, and Gananath Obeyesekere. Buddhism transformed: religious change in Sri Lanka. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988. Paperback ed. 1990.

Editor. Indian ritual and its exegesis. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Buddhist precept and practice. (Revised edition of 1. above.) Delhi: Motilal Banarsidas, 1991.

How Buddhism began: the conditioned genesis of the early teachings. London: The Athlone Press, 1996.

Religious experience in early Buddhism? Eighth Annual BASR Lecture, 1997. British Association for the Study of Religions Occasional Paper 17. Printed by the University of Leeds Printing Service, Leeds [1998].

Kindness and compassion as means to Nirvana. (1997 Gonda Lecture) Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1998.

Translation of 9 above into Japanese, trsln Iwao Shima, Kyoto: Hozokan, 2002.

Translation of 8 above into Japanese, trsln, 2006.

Theravåda Buddhism: a social history from ancient Benares to modern Colombo. 2nd rev. ed. London: Routledge, 2006.

How Buddhism began: the conditioned genesis of the early teachings. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2006.

Gombrich, Richard and Cristina Scherrer-Schaub, ed.: Buddhist Studies: Papers of the 12th World Sanskrit Conference, vol.8, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2008

 

近期論文回頂端


Making mountains without molehills: the case of the missing stupa. Journal of the Pali Text Society, vol. 15: 141–143, 1990.

Reflections of an Indologist. In Religious pluralism and unbelief: Studies critical and comparative. I. Hamnett, editor. London and New York: Routledge, 243–261, 1990.

Påtimokkha: purgative. In Studies in Buddhism and culture in honour of Professor Dr. Egaku Mayeda on his sixty-fifth birthday. The Editorial Committee of the Felicitation Volume for Professor Dr. Egaku Mayeda, editors. Tokyo: Sankibo Busshorin, 31–38, 1991.

Can we know or control our futures? In Buddhist essays: A miscellany. G. Piyatissa Thera, L. Perera and K. Goonesena, editors. London: Sri Saddhatissa International Buddhist Centre, 240–252, 1992.

The Buddha's Book of Genesis? Indo-Iranian Journal, vol. 35: 159–178, 1992.

Dating the Buddha: a red herring revealed. In The Dating of the Historical Buddha/Die Datierung des historischen Buddha. Part 2. (Symposien zur Buddhismusforschung, IV,2) Heinz Bechert, editor. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 237–259, 1992.

Why is a khattiya called a khattiya? the Aggaññasutta revisited. Journal of the Pali Text Society, vol. XVII: 213–214, 1992.

A momentous effect of translation: the "vehicles" of Buddhism. Apodosis: Essays presented to Dr. W.W. Cruickshank to mark his 80th birthday. St. Paul's School, London; 34–46, 1992.

Buddhist prediction: how open is the future? Predicting the Future. Leo Howe, Alan Wain, editors. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 144–168, 1993.

Buddhism in the modern world: secularization or protestantization? In Secularization, rationalism and sectarianism. Essays in honour of Bryan R. Wilson. Eileen Barker, James A. Beckford, Karel Dobbelaere, editors. Oxford; Clarendon Press, 1993.

Understanding early Buddhist terminology in its context. Pali Daejangkang Urimal Olmgim Nonmon Moum II / "A Korean Translation of Pali Tipitaka Vol. II", 74–101, Seoul, 1993.

The Buddha and the Jains: a reply to Professor Bronkhorst. Asiatische Studien XLVIII 4 1994, 1069–196.

The monk in the Påli Vinaya: priest or wedding guest? Journal of the Pali Text Society, vol. XXI, 1995: 193–197.

The earliest Brahmanical reference to Buddhism? Relativism, Suffering and Beyond. Essays in memory of Bimal K. Matilal, eds. P. Bilimoria and J. N. Mohanty. Delhi; OUP, 1997, 31–49.

Is Dharma a good thing? Dialogue and Universalism no. 11–12, 1997, 147-163.

The Buddhist attitude to thaumaturgy. Bauddhavidyasudhakarah: studies in honour of Heinz Bechert on the occasion of his 65th birthday, eds. Petra Kieffer-Pülz and Jens-Uwe Hartmann. Swisttal-Odendorf: Indica et Tibetica, 1997, 166–184.

Obituary of the Venerable Dr Walpola Rahula. The Middle Way, vol. 73, no. 2, 1998, 115–119.

Introduction. Sir William Jones 1746–1974, A Commemoration, ed. Alexander Murray. Oxford: OUP, 1998, 3–15.

Organized bodhisattvas: a blind alley in Buddhist historiography. SËryacandråya: Essays in Honour of Akira Yuyama, eds. Paul Harrison and Gregory Schopen. Swisttal-Odendorf: Indica et Tibetica, 1998, 43–56. Reprinted in Studies in Hindu and Buddhist Art, ed. P. K. Mishra. New Delhi, Abhinav Publications, 1999.

Discovering the Buddha’s date. Buddhism for the New Millennium, ed. Lakshman S. Perera. London; World Buddhist Foundation, 2000, 9–25.

A visit to Brahmå the heron, Journal of Indian Philosophy, v.29, April 2001, 95–108.

Another Buddhist criticism of Yåjñavalkya, Buddhist and Indian Studies in Honour of Professor Sodo Mori, Hammatsu: Kokusai Bukkyoto Kyokai, 2002, 21–23.

“Obsession with origins”: attitudes to Buddhist studies in the old world and the new, Approaching the Dhamma: Buddhist texts and practices in South and Southeast Asia, eds. Anne M. Blackburn & Jeffrey Samuels. Seattle: BPS Pariyatti Editions, 2003, 3–15.

Merit detached from volition: how a Buddhist doctrine came to wear a Jain aspect, Jainism and Early Buddhism: essays in honor of Padmanabh S. Jaini, ed. Olle Qvarnström. Fremont: Asian Humanities Press, 2003, 427–439.

Vedånta stood on its head: sakkåya and sakkåya-di††hi, 2nd International Conference on Indian Studies: proceedings, eds. Renata Czekalska & Halina Marlewicz, (Cracow Indological series IV–V), Krakow: Ksiegarnia Akademicka, 2003, 227–238.

Understanding the Buddha: methods and results. Korean Society for Indian Philosophy, 2004.

Major new discoveries about the Buddha’s teachings. Buddhism in the West, eds. Galayaye Piyadassi …[et al]. London: World Buddhist Foundation, 2005, 149-152.

Thoughts about karma. Buddhism and Jainism, essays in honour of Dr. Hojun Nagasaki on his seventieth birthday, ed. Committee. Kyoto: Heirakuji Shoten, 2005, 740-726 (sic).

Is the Sri Lankan war a Buddhist fundamentalism?, Buddhism, conflict and violence in modern Sri Lanka, ed. Mahinda Deegalle . (Routledge Critical Studies in Buddhism series), London & New York: Routledge, 2006, pp. 22–37.

Parodie und Ironie in den Reden des Buddha. RELIGIONEN unterwegs, vol. 12, no. 2, Mai 2006, 4–8.

Popperian Vinaya: conjecture and refutation in practice. Pramåˆak¥rti˙: papers dedicated to Ernst Steinkellner on the occasion of his 70th birthday, eds. Birgit Kellner …[et al]. Wien: Arbeitskreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien Universität Wien, 2007, pp. 203–211.

Why the monks took no delight in the Buddha’s words. South Asian Religions & Culture, v.2 (1), 2008, pp. 83–87.

Why has British education gone so wrong, and why can’t we stop the rot? Popper’s nightmare. Hurly-Burly (Intl. Lacanian Jnl of Psychoanalysis), (1) Mai 2009, pp. 185–192.

 

慈濟相關研究回頂端


A Radical Buddhism for Modern Confucians: Tzu Chi in Socio-Historical Perspective